Frequantly Asked Questions
- Q 1 Which authority conducts elections to the offices of
the President and Vice-President of India ?
Answer: Under Article 324(1) of the
Constitution of India, the Election Commission of India,
inter-alia, is vested with the power of superintendence, direction
and control of conducting the elections to the offices of the
President and Vice-President of India. Detailed provisions are made
under the Presidential and Vice Presidential Elections Act, 1952
and the rules made thereunder.
- Q 2 Which authority conducts elections to Parliament?
Answer: The same Article 324 also vests in
the Commission the powers of superintendence, direction and control
of the elections to both Houses of Parliament. Detailed provisions
are made under the Representation of the People Act, 1951 and the
rules made thereunder.
- Q 3 Which authority conducts elections to the State
Legislative Assemblies and Legislative Councils?
Answer: Article 324 (1) also vests in the
Commission the powers of superintendence, direction and control of
the elections to both Houses of the State Legislature. Detailed
provisions are made under the Representation of the People Act,
1951 and the rules made thereunder.
- Q 4 Which authority conducts elections to Corporations,
Municipalities and other Local Bodies ?
Answer: The State Election Commissions
constituted under the Constitution (Seventy-third and
Seventy-fourth) Amendments Act, 1992 for each State / Union
Territory are vested with the powers of conduct of elections to the
Corporations, Muncipalities, Zilla Parishads, District Panchayats,
Panchayat Samitis, Gram Panchayats and other local bodies.
They are independent of the Election Commission of India.
- Q 5 What is the present composition of the Election
Answer: At present, the Election
Commission of India is a three-member body, with one Chief Election
Commissioner and two Election Commissioners.
- Q 6 Who appoints the Chief Election Commissioners and
Answer: Under Article 324(2) of the
Constitution of India, the President of India is empowered to
appoint the Chief Election Commissioner and the Election
- Q 7 Who supervises the election work in a State ?
Answer: As per section 13A of the
Representation of the People Act 1950, read with section 20 of the
Representation of the People Act, 1951, the Chief Electoral Officer
(CEO) of a State/ Union Territory is authorised to supervise the
election work in the State/Union Territory subject to the overall
superintendence, direction and control of the Election Commission.
- Q 8 . Who appoints the Chief Electoral Officer?
Answer: The Election Commission of India
nominates or designates an Officer of the Government of the
State/Union Territory as the Chief Electoral Officer in
consultation with that State Government/Union Territory
- Q 9 Who supervises the election work in a District?
Answer: As per section 13AA of the
Representation of the People Act 1950, subject to the
superintendence, direction and control of the Chief Electoral
Officer, the District Election Officer (DEO) supervises the
election work of a district.
- Q 10 Who appoints the District Election Officer?
Answer: The Election Commission of India
nominates or designates an Officer of the State Government as the
District Election Officer in consultation with the State
- Q 11 What is the minimum age for enrollment in an electoral
Answer: For every constituency, there is a
voters list Article 326 of the Constitution, and Sec. 19 of R. P.
Act, 1950 stipulate that the minimum age for registration of a
voter is 18 years.
- Q 12 Was 18 the minimum voting age in India from the
Answer: No. Earlier, the age for
registration of a voter was 21 years. Through the 61st amendment
Act, 1988 of the Constitution read with Act 21 of 1989 amending the
R. P. Act, 1950, the minimum age of registration of a voter has
been brought down to 18 years. This has been made effective from
28th March, 1989.
- Q 13 Which is the relevant date for determining the age
qualification of 18 years? Suppose, you have completed 18 years of
age today. Can you get yourself registered as voter?
Answer: According to Section 14 (b) of the
R. P. Act, 1950, the qualifying date means the first day of January
of the year in which the electoral roll is prepared or revised.
- Q 14 Can a non-citizen of India become a voter?
Answer: No. A person who is not a citizen
of India cannot be registered as a voter. Article 326 of the
Constitution read with Sec. 16 of R. P. Act, 1950 clarify the
- Q 15 If I am working and living in Delhi, can I be a voter
in my native village?
Answer: No. If you are working in Delhi
and residing there, you are an ordinary resident of Delhi in terms
of Sec 19 (b). Therefore you can be enrolled at Delhi only and not
in your native village.
- Q 16 How can I get registered/enrolled in the Electoral
Answer: You have to submit a filled in
Form - 6 to the ERO of the Assembly Constituency.
- Q 17 What is the procedure to make corrections in such
names/other details that have been mis-spelt in the Electoral Roll?
Answer: For incorporation of corrections
in the Electoral Rolls, You have to submit Form - 8 to the ERO of
the Assembly Constituency.
Following are the various forms
useful for registration as voter, corrections, change in address
For inclusion of names
For any objection on inclusion of names
For correction of entries in the Electoral Rolls
For transposition of entry in electoral roll
- Q 18 I have shifted my residence recently. How do I ensure
that I am enrolled in my new place of residence and my name is
deleted from the old place?
Answer: In case the new residence is in
the same constituency please fill Form 8A otherwise form 6 and
submit to the ERO (SDM) or the AERO of the area of your new
- Q 19 I have shifted my residence recently. I have Photo
EPIC Card with the old address. Can I get new EPIC Card for the
Answer: First of all please ensure that
you have enrolled yourself in the Electoral Roll of the concerned
AC, where you are now residing following the procedure given in
Ans. No.18. Subsequently, a new card at the present address will be
issued to you.
- Q 20 My old EPIC Card is defective. I would like to have a
new EPIC Card with correct particulars. What is the procedure?
Answer: You can get your EPIC Card
rectified by depositing it in the Office of the ERO concerned.